8 May 2019 г.
Meningitis vaccine available
We are very happy to let you know, that meningitis vaccine is available at IMC.
The cost of the vaccine is 25 000tg.
To have a vaccine, please, make an appointment.
Frequently asked questions
- The outbreak of meningococcal meningitis in Almaty is not exceeding alarming numbers and can not be qualified as epidemics or significant outbreak. The panic among population was mostly caused by the news spread through the messengers and by the number of deaths among adults. This year the outbreak coincided with Ramadan and some of the younger adults that died from it were holding a fast.
- Meningococcal infection is caused by Neisseria meningitis, a bacteria that is frequently carried by people without any symptoms. Once every several years the natural immunity in the community weakens and the outbreak starts.
- The infection is transmitted only through a very close and prolonged contact (such as among household contacts, in camps, in dormitories, through kissing etc..). It is not easy to define what a close contact is, traditionally it means contact for >8hrs, 1 meter or close, exposure to nasal or pharyngeal secretions (in kissing).
- Meningococcus does not survive in chlorinated (or chemically treated) swimming pool water or outside. Still, as a general precaution it is recommended to avoid crowded places (such as malls, train rides where you share a compartment with other people, and camps where children stay overnight and share a room).
- There were three serotypes of meningococcus isolated from the patients in Almaty: A, B and C; most mortality cases were caused by a serotype A.
- It is very important to know the symptoms of meningococcal infection: fever, significant disabling headache, vomiting that is intractable and not bringing any relief, sometimes seizures and loss of consciousness. There are cases of generalized meningococcal infection, called meningococcemia. They usually start suddenly and progress extremely fast, causing significant morbidity and even mortality. The first symptom of this kind of infection is rash that is not blanching (easy to check by pressing on the rash with a clear glass).
- The best way to prevent the infection is the same as with any other infectious diseases: personal hygiene (washing hands frequently, avoid sharing dishes etc), avoid situations where you can be exposed to the infection and to be aware of the symptoms. Timing of initiating the treatment is crucial. If you or your family members develop any of those symptoms, call 103 immediately.
- There is a vaccine available for meningococcal infection – Nimenrix (GlaxoSmithKline). It can be given starting as early as 6 weeks of age. Children under 12 mo should get series of three shots, older then 12 months and adults - a single shot. If you were vaccinated against meningitis more then 5 years ago, you can have a booster.
- Usually it takes about 2-4 weeks to mount an immune response to the vaccine, so initiating vaccination at this point might not provide sufficient protection, but it will protect you from the disease in the future.
If you were exposed to somebody who was diagnosed with meningitis, you should see the doctor as soon as possible. The doctor can prescribe you an antibiotic to prevent the disease. Uncontrolled use of antibiotic without confirmed exposure can cause more harm than good.